He attended both Harvard and Kenyon College where he studied poetry. He was born into a Boston Brahmin family that could trace its origins back to the Mayflower. Other family members and associates include Lowell Styles, Lucille Styles, Erica Styles, Christopher Styles and Robert Styles… http://www.pnreview.co.uk/cgi-bin/scribe?item_id=6169, "The Passions of Robert Lowell" June 26, 2005, They Might Be Giants. Troy Jollimore talks about Robert Lowell's "Skunk Hour.". The poems are unrhymed sonnets, and in subject Lord Weary’s Castle, with its blending of oppositions to war, to the Puritan ethic, and to materialism and greed, is Lowell’s finest early volume, one that earned him the Pulitzer Prize in 1947. “Before 1955,” argues Raban, “[Lowell’s] prose was formal, high-toned and on its guard. Throughout his career he has struggled to close the gap between life and artwork, and in History the two have finally joined.” This volume, says Axelrod, “seeks to reveal not the truth of the past but the truth of Lowell’s mind as it meditates upon the past in terms of its inmost concerns.”, Although The Dolphin, the third volume of Lowell’s poetry published in 1973, was like the others in that it consisted of a series of sonnets, these sonnets were all new. Robert Lowell grew up in Boston, Massachusetts, as part of a family with a distinguished literary heritage. Although he turned away from his Puritan heritage—largely because he was In 1969 Lowell also published the first of what would become a series of volumes of sonnets. A daughter considers her father’s lifelong friendship with the poet he once called "the most unlovable man ever.". The Selected Letters of Robert Lowell [Hamilton, S.] on Amazon.com. His father was a member of the famous Lowell family of Massachusetts, and his mother’s prominent family, the Winslows, dated, like the Lowells, back to the early days of New England. This article argues that Robert Lowell’s employment of techniques of poetic "imitation" - a liberal form of translation - during the composition of the Life Studies poems allows him to simultaneously stage and to conceal his reliance upon foreign poetic sources. Dillard, R. H. W., George Garrett, and John Rees Moore, editors. Yet in prose I had already found what I wanted, the conventional style of autobiography and reminiscence. Thus he returned to his beginnings in his life as well as in his poetry. I stayed two months in my tent and ate with the Tates.”. Beginning to write at the tail-end of the modernist period, he at first brought poetry to new heights of verbal and intellectual complexity. Touring the history of poetry in the YouTube age. Robert "Bob" Lowell Young September 4, 1948 - December 31, 2020 Robert "Bob" Lowell Young, age 72, of Whiteville, N.C., passed away peacefully at home with family on Thursday, December 31, 2020. (With Jacques Barzun) Jean Baptiste Racine and Pierre Beaumarchais. Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV (/ˈloʊəl/; March 1, 1917 – September 12, 1977) was an American poet. Though the two rarely met, they exchanged hundreds of letters in which they gossip, flirt, offer telling readings on the work of each other, and candidly discuss their own poetic ambitions. He received a Pulitzer Prize in 1947 at the age of 30, for his second book, Lord Weary’s Castle. M. L. Rosenthal ‘first applied the term confession to Robert Lowell’s work’ (1). Lowell grew up in Boston. He addressed large questions, and he used a multiplicity of forms and styles in his continuing quest, which his friend Peter Taylor describes in a 1979 Ploughshares essay as a search for “a oneness in himself and a oneness in the world.” “This is how he must always be remembered,” Taylor says, “one moment playful to the point of violent provocation, the next in profound contemplation of the great mystery: What does life mean? *FREE* shipping on qualifying offers. Robert Lowell was born in Boston, Massachusetts on March 1, 1917 into one of the city's oldest and most prominent families. Into this realm of necessity the poems push everything that is closed, turned inward, incestuous, that blinds or binds: the Old Law, imperialism, militarism, capitalism, Calvinism, Authority, the Father, the ‘proper Bostonians,’ the rich who will ‘do everything for the poor except get off their backs.’ But struggling within this like leaven, falling to it like light, is everything that is free or open, that grows or is willing to change: … this is the realm of freedom, of the Grace that has replaced the Law, of the perfect liberator whom the poet calls Christ.”. Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Lowell grew up in Boston, Massachusetts. Pulitzer Prize-winning poet Robert Lowell grew up in Boston, Massachusetts. ... in a pioneering style of confessional writing (“the C-word,” as Michael Hofmann put it). And they said, ‘We really haven’t any room, you’d have to pitch a tent on the lawn.’ So I went to Sears Roebuck and got a tent and rigged it on their lawn. But the volume is not simply a collection of poems about family turmoil; Axelrod finds a second subject of The Dolphin to be “the process of the poem itself. In May of 1936, Robert Lowell screwed up his courage and wrote a letter to one of his idols, Ezra Pound. Andrea Kirby says: January 30, 2014 at 3:01 am I agree with you that the poets may hope for a certain response to a poem that they write, and in the case of confessional poetry the response is likely to be compassion. The title of Land of Unlikeness, as Jerome Mazzaro points out in The Poetic Themes of Robert Lowell, is taken from a quotation of Saint Bernard and refers to the human soul’s unlikeness to God and unlikeness to its own past self. His family, past and present, were important subjects in his poetry. Poet Robert Lowell’s turbulent journey in life is echoed in the more personal of his poetry. In the New Yorker, Dan Chiasson noted of their correspondence, “What makes these letters so fascinating is their hawk’s eye on immortality, even in the midst of lives lived fully, often sloppily. But while he was a student at Harvard in 1937, he had a fight with his father and left home, a rebellion that had serious consequences for his life and his poetry. I love these old photos of Robert Lowell – an American poet who broke ground in the 20th century. In response to American air raids in Vietnam in 1965, Lowell rejected an invitation to the White House Festival of the Arts from President Lyndon Johnson in … The plot, such as it is, revolves around the breakup with his wife, Elizabeth Hardwick, and his relationship with Caroline Blackwood.” Calling the volume “half memoir” and “half fiction,” Axelrod says that “it is a book of changes, not only of ‘changing marriages’ but of changing minds (Lowell’s, Caroline’s, Lizzie’s) and changing lives. Confessional poetry is the poetry of the personal or "I." He continued the friendship he had earlier begun with the poet William Carlos Williams, who as an innovator in language and forms began to have an important influence on his work. “When I was working on Life Studies,” he revealed in his Salmagundi essay, “I found I had no language or meter that would allow me to approximate what I saw or remembered. “What I have added are mostly Indians,” Lowell said, only partly in jest, in his note on the revised edition. He was appointed the sixth Poet Laureate Consultant in Poetry to the Library of Congress where he served from 1947 until 1948. He attended Harvard University and Kenyon College, where he received his B.A. Besides his books of poetry, Lowell continued in the late 1960s to write for the theater. Search continues for suspect in murder of Lowell woman shot 'execution-style,' Marshals Service says From the ICYMI: Here are the most-read stories from the past week series “They had the eloquence at best of iambic pentameter, and often the structure and climaxes of sonnets. Robert Lowell’s former students look back on their poetry classes with an American master. This page was last edited on 30 December 2020, at 18:32. "A Life's Study: Why Robert Lowell is America's most important career poet". Robert Lowell Lowell's political passion encompasses much of his greatest poetry. (Author of introduction) Nathaniel Hawthorne. Hosted by Al Filreis and featuring Rafael Campo, Elisa New, and Christina Davis. I love these old photos of Robert Lowell – an American poet who broke ground in the 20th century. Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV (/ ˈ l oʊ əl /; March 1, 1917 – September 12, 1977) was an American poet.He was born into a Boston Brahmin family that could trace its origins back to the Mayflower.His family, past and present, were important subjects in his poetry. The Messy Style of Robert Lowell. When the poet Robert Lowell published The Dolphin in 1973, it caused a scandal. Isabella Alimonti is an editor and writer. And this young man arrived, quite ardent and eccentric. Inspiration and instruction in poetry’s first lines. He is generally considered to be among the greatest American poets of the twentieth century. Robert Lowell, born Robert Traill Spence Lowell, IV, was an American poet whose works, confessional in nature, engaged with the questions of history and probed the dark recesses of the self. His love for the dolphin brings him to earth and rescues his life.”. His first American ancestor, Perceval Lowell … Lowell grew up in Boston. Born into a prominent New England family, Lowell was a manic depressive who swung between bouts of mania and depression, spending much of his adult life in mental institutions. It is redeemed neither by ... faith that an adequate, if authoritarian, utopia may have existed in the past, nor by a revolutionary’s faith that one can be abstractly yet accurately designed for the future. The straightforward narrative is a chain of associated images. In his review in the Observer, Jonathan Raban locates Lowell’s development of a prose style distinctly his own in 1955 following the death of Lowell’s mother and an attack of mania. In response to American air raids in Vietnam in 1965, Lowell rejected an invitation to the White House Festival of the Arts from President Lyndon Johnson in a letter that he subsequently […] Robert Lowell; Edited by Saskia Hamilton. Once one clarifies the influences, objectives, and technical tendencies associated with his free verse, it becomes clear his dark poetry illustrates that “the most intimate parts of life — childhood misery, Oedipal longings, marital discord, mental illness — could be made the subjects for great poetry. by Robert Lowell . Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV (March 1, 1917 – September 12, 1977) was an American poet, considered the founder of … The Mills of the Kavanaughs, which consists of a series of dramatic monologues, reflects, like the other volumes, the turbulence of its writer’s life. David Lehman in Washington Post Book World notes that Lowell “transformed himself into a superb critic by learning to lodge his trust in his immediate and subjective responses [to literature].” In other words, the personal style that characterized Lowell’s poetry also proved successful in his approach to criticism. As J.D. But it is this very appalling fundamentalness of Lowell’s questions, combined with his honesty about historical terror, that make him a modern epic poet.”, Lowell was an epic poet as well in the scope and greatness of his poetry. Poets as different as Gerard Manley Hopkins, D.H. Lawrence, Robert Frost, Patrick Kavanagh, and Dylan Thomas contributed to the making of Seamus Heaney’s early style, but Robert Lowell was the catalyst transforming those influences into something distinct. After the flurry of sonnets that culminated in the publication of the three 1973 volumes, collections of Lowell’s poems appeared in England (Robert Lowell’s Poems: A Selection, 1974) and in the United States (Selected Poems, 1976). Jonas and Lowell produced bodies of work that can be relished for being highly immersive investigations into their respective backgrounds and contexts, investigations which nonetheless betray a great deal of... How a newly personal mode of writing popularized exploring the self. I didn’t have to bang words into rhyme and count.”. Summary: Lowell Styles currently lives in Brentford, SD; in the past Lowell has also lived in Redfield SD. Instead, he expands upon two of the minor themes of the preceding volumes, making them central to his new conception”—the theme of death and the theme of art. Among his best-known works is Death of a Naturalist (1966), his first major published … In “After Enjoying Six or Seven Essays on Me,” a 1977 Salmagundi essay, Lowell wrote that “looking over my Selected Poems, about thirty years of writing, my impression is that the thread that strings it together is my autobiography.” His poetry and “91 Revere Street,” the prose sketch that forms an important part of Life Studies, give glimpse after glimpse into the world of his childhood. He was a member of the prominent Lowell literary family. Between the publication of The Mills of the Kavanaughs and the publication in 1959 of Life Studies, Lowell taught at several universities and made a speaking tour of the West Coast, where he encountered the thematically and stylistically revolutionary poetry of Allen Ginsberg and the other Beat writers. Rosenthal coined it in his review of Robert Lowell’s Life Studies in the Nation.The book, which contained poems that unsparingly detailed Lowell’s experiences of marital strife, generational struggle, and mental illness, marked a dramatic turn in his career. Search continues for suspect in murder of Lowell woman shot 'execution-style,' Marshals Service says From the ICYMI: Here are the most-read stories from the past week series The Mills of the Kavanaughs (1951), the book that followed Lord Weary’s Castle, was less successful. For History, Lowell added some new sonnets and revised and rearranged the old ones; the result is a much more coherent volume, arranged in the chronology of historical time. Robert Lowell Richendollar Bardstown 81, 13-Jan, Newcomer East Louisville Chapel, www.Newcomerkentuckiana.com. His opening himself to her represents his opening to the world outside himself; his physical and spiritual union with her represents his union with his world. I always heard about robert lowell being a big influence on some of my favorite poets including anne sexton, sylvia plath, and Elizabeth bishop. In an essay appearing in Next-to-Last Things: New Poems and Essays, Stanley Kunitz has called Life Studies, which won the 1960 National Book Award, “perhaps the most influential book of modern verse since [T.S. In this struggle one opposite is that cake of custom in which all of us lie embedded. Click here for transcript. He attended Harvard College for two years before transferring to Kenyon College, where he studied poetry under John Crowe Ransom and received an undergraduate degree in 1940. Bands, Businesses, Restaurants, Brands and Celebrities can create Pages in order to connect with their fans and customers on Facebook. Then breaking with the canons of modernism, he brought a new conversational style and innovative involvements with family and national life into his work. On this level the poem explores the interrelationship of being, consciousness, and art.” Although some critics found the poetry unsatisfying, The Dolphin was awarded the 1974 Pulitzer Prize for poetry. "Robert Lowell" (recording), http://www.poetryfoundation.org/article/245178, https://www.forbes.com/sites/dadehayes/2014/09/29/review-scorsese-hits-the-books-with-hbos-the-50-year-argument/, "Epilogue" by Robert Lowell at the Poetry Foundation, Articles on Lowell at Modern American Poetry, University of Illinois, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=Robert_Lowell&oldid=997259312, National Book Critics Circle Award-winning works, Short description is different from Wikidata, Wikipedia articles with BIBSYS identifiers, Wikipedia articles with CINII identifiers, Wikipedia articles with MusicBrainz identifiers, Wikipedia articles with PLWABN identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SELIBR identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SNAC-ID identifiers, Wikipedia articles with SUDOC identifiers, Wikipedia articles with Trove identifiers, Wikipedia articles with WORLDCATID identifiers, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License. The essence of Lowell’s style is built upon the tension between his casual, ruminative, almost impersonal tone and the bedrock of his entrancing declarations , as in “Skunk Hour”: One dark night, my Tudor Ford climbed the hill’s skull; I watched for love-cars. The poet's forty-year friendship with illustrator Frank Parker reveals his gentler side. He was born into a home dominated by the incessant tension between his ineffectual father and his imperious mother. But Life Studies, very different from both his own earlier work and most of the verse being written in English by anyone else, had an enormous influence on the future of poetry in the United States. By Derek Guy. Robert Lowell (1917-1977) packed a huge amount into his sixty years: a rollercoaster of triumphs and disasters that informed his writing and pushed back the boundaries of what was deemed suitable subject matter for poetry. Although they are married, they ‘do not even know each other’. The young Lowell felt acutely the strains of his childhood, and both his immediate family and his Puritan forebears would figure largely in his poetry. Poets James Russell Lowell and Amy Lowell were among his ancestors. With the publication of The Old Glory (1965) and For the Union Dead (1964), Lowell returned to a consideration of the individual’s relation to history, both in its personal and in its public dimensions. Brooks, Cleanth, and Robert Penn Warren, editors. His mid- and late-career writing moved American poetry toward an aesthetics of postmodernism. Robert Lowell was born in Boston on March 1, 1917 to a Massachusetts family well positioned in New England society and already rich in literary tradition, including two prominent authors among his ancestors—Amy Lowell and James Russell Lowell.Robert Lowell’s personal heritage as a writer was enhanced when upon the recommendation of Allen Tate he appeared as a young man at Kenyon … He is our truest historian.”. American poet Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV was born in Boston on March 1, 1917, to Robert Traill Spence Lowell III and Charlotte Winslow Lowell, a relation of writers James Russell Lowell and Amy Lowell. Although these volumes might appear to be a radical change from the personal poetry of Life Studies, Irvin Ehrenpreis says in an essay appearing in American Poetry that in Imitations Lowell “is legitimizing his progeny, replacing the Lowells and Winslows by [the poets Charles-Pierre] Baudelaire, [Arthur] Rimbaud, and [Rainer Maria] Rilke. Robert Lowell, Jr., American poet noted for his complex, autobiographical poetry. In this book, Axelrod says, Lowell downplays the once-dominant theme of political revolt and “expunges the theme of married love from the poem entirely. Robert Lowell : biography March 1, 1917 – September 12, 1977 During the mid- to late 1960s, Lowell actively opposed the Vietnam War. The phrase “confessional poetry” burst into common usage in September of 1959, when the critic M.L. Lowell said in the “Afterthought” to Notebook 1967–1968 that “in truth I seem to have felt mostly the joys of living; in remembering, in recording, thanks to the gift of the Muse, it is the pain.” A poetry of scrupulous self-examination, Lowell’s work, as Vereen M. Bell declares in Robert Lowell: Nihilist as Hero, “is identifiable by nothing so much as its chronic and eventually systematic pessimism”; indeed, says Bell, “whatever spirit of affirmation that we think we perceive in Lowell’s work we must always suspect ourselves of projecting upon it.” Furthermore, in Pity the Monsters: The Political Vision of Robert Lowell, Alan Williamson observes that “Lowell’s vision of civilization—being a product both of the man he is and of the time he lives in—is particular, painful, and dark. I think I suggested that maybe I’d stay with them. I have flashbacks to what I remember, and notes on old history.” Axelrod, who sees Lowell’s political activism as the “motive and thematic center” for this volume, suggests that the “real subject” of the volume is “the human lust for violence and the moral horror of violence, a polarity Lowell has long detected in his own character and which he now discerns on a massive scale throughout human history.” In the course of the volume, Axelrod continues, Lowell “obsessively exposes the violent acts of ‘the great,’ among them Caligula, Mohammed, Henry VIII, Marie Antoinette, Napoleon, Frederick the Great, the Russian Czars, Lenin, Stalin, Mao, the Indian killers, Andrew Jackson, Truman, an unnamed ‘leader of the left,’ and the book’s darkest villain, Adolf Hitler.”. Of For the Union Dead, Lowell said in After Reading Six or Seven Essays on Me that “free verse subjects seemed to melt away, and I found myself back in strict meter, yet tried to avoid the symbols and heroics of my first books.” In his next collection, Near the Ocean, he wrote a long sequence in eight-line four-foot couplet stanzas, a form he borrowed from the 17th-century English poet Andrew Marvell; “God knows why, except that it seemed fit to handle national events,” Lowell remarked in the same essay. It was after its publication that Lowell met Elizabeth Bishop, one of the most important poetic friendships of his life. And it is supremely a poem about love, love that makes freedom meaningful, love that allows for human growth. Understanding the reasoning behind Robert Lowell’s distinctive style is essential in appreciating and interpreting him as a writer. In 1961, Lowell published two volumes, a verse translation called Phaedra of Racine’s tragedy, and Imitations, a collection of loose translations of poems by writers from Homer to the contemporary Italian, Eugenio Montale. Day by Day, which won the National Book Critics Circle Award in 1978, is an elegiac and deeply personal volume that discusses Lowell’s family and friends, his wives and children, the horrors of his illness and the joys of his recoveries. The revised edition of The Old Glory was published in 1968, with most of the revisions appearing in Endecott and the Red Cross. He followed Tate to Kenyon College in Ohio; earned a degree in classics, summa cum laude; met Randall Jarrell and Peter Taylor, two writers who would remain his lifelong friends; converted to Roman Catholicism; married the fiction writer Jean Stafford; refused induction into the armed forces; and served five months in jail as a conscientious objector. Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV (March 1, 1917 – September 12, 1977) was an American poet, considered the founder of the confessional poetry movement. Understanding the reasoning behind Robert Lowell’s distinctive style is essential in appreciating and interpreting him as a writer. He conflates the particular and the general, the fresh and the hackneyed, the present and the past into an amalgam of poetry that ranges in quality from outstanding to outrageous. Confessional poetry is the poetry of the personal or "I." Robert Traill Spence Lowell III and Charlotte Winslow in Boston, Massachusetts. I hear the noise of my own voice: The painter’s vision is not a lens, it trembles to caress the light. On closely reading their collected letters, a poet and critic uncovers a new way to read their mythologized friendship. He returned as well for a last look at many of the situations and people whom he had incorporated into his earlier poetry. Robert Lowell was born in Boston in 1917. In a Salmagundi essay Thomas Parkinson declares, “The person in history is the main subject” of For the Union Dead, “and it is good to see poetry treating the moment where person and history meet.” In an essay collected in Jonathan Price’s Critics on Robert Lowell, Richard Poirier agrees: “It is nearly impossible in Lowell’s poetry to separate personal breakdown from the poet’s visions of public or historical decline. Before the transformation occurred, most of Heaney’s poems were derivative. Robert Traill Spence Lowell IV, know as Cal (short for Caligula) to his friends, was born in 1917 to a minor branch of one of America’s oldest prominent families. In Robert Lowell: An Introduction to the Poetry, Mark Rudman observes that this book “charts a year, from summer to summer. The straightforward narrative is a chain of associated images. Lowell feels the past working in his very bones. The British had been favorably disposed to Lowell’s poetry from the beginning; indeed, the British publisher Faber & Faber brought out editions of Lowell’s poetry throughout his career, and in 1962 had published Staples’s Robert Lowell, the first important critical book on the poet. He hoped that his form ... would enable him ‘to describe the immediate instant,’ an instant in which political and personal happenings interacted with a lifetime’s accumulation of memories, dreams, and knowledge. Previously unpublished letters between Robert Lowell and Elizabeth Bishop. He protested against United States involvement in Vietnam, and in fact appears as a character in Norman Mailer’s The Armies of the Night, an account of the historic protest march on the Pentagon in 1967. Robert Lowell's "July in Washington" puts America in a vegetable context. He received the 1995 Nobel Prize in Literature. With this volume, Lowell abandoned the sonnet form and returned to free verse. This style of writing emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s and is associated with poets such as Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, and W. D. Snodgrass.Lowell's book Life Studies was a highly personal account of his life and familial ties and had a significant impact on American poetry. Robert Styles 1946 – 2004. View Transcript. He is best known for his volume Life Studies (1959), but his true greatness as an American poet lies in the astonishing variety of his work. Communist sympathies, FBI informants, and Robert Lowell at Yaddo. The publication of Near the Ocean coincided with the period of Lowell’s most active involvement in national events. Robert Lowell's biography and life story. Like Robert Lowell’s poems about marital breakdown, which arguably influenced Sexton, Sexton also wrote a poem called ‘Man and Wife’. Axelrod suggests that in the next volume of sonnets, Notebook (1970), which consists largely of revised and rearranged versions of the poems in Notebook 1967–1968, “the theme of Lowell’s increasingly troubled domestic life” comes to the fore, while the political emphasis is somewhat muted. The assurance that the poet’s most private experiences simply are of historical, even mythical, importance” gives this poetry “an extraordinary air of personal authority.” Many of these poems are as personal as the works in Life Studies, but here they are anchored more firmly in the world outside the family, the world of history and myth. This style of writing emerged in the late 1950s and early 1960s and is associated with poets such as Robert Lowell, Sylvia Plath, Anne Sexton, and W. D. Snodgrass.Lowell's book Life Studies was a highly personal account of his life and familial ties and had a significant impact on American poetry. Tate ... had three guests and her own family, and was doing the cooking and writing a novel. Growing up in Boston also informed his poems, which were frequently set in Boston and the New England region. Stein, Jean, and George Plimpton, editors. In his introduction to the plays, Robert Brustein says that “Mr. What is it all about?”, Lowell’s literary criticism and autobiographical prose pieces, posthumously collected in Collected Prose, received generally positive reviews for the author’s authoritative, lucid style. But these sonnets are full of personal history as well, and this history is equally bleak. Lowell went south to the Tennessee home of poet Allen Tate, who proved to be an important influence on the young writer; in a 1961 Paris Review interview with Frederick Seidel, Lowell gave this account of his arrival at the Tate home: “Mrs. He continues to juxtapose personal and public history, however, and jumbles together in the volume and in individual poems his friends, his family, historical figures, writers, artists, and characters from literature and myth. ... Then the dam bursts. After his death from congestive heart failure, his funeral was held at the Episcopal Church of the Advent on Brimmer Street, in Boston, near where he had lived and gone to school as a child; he was buried in the cemetery where generations of his family had been buried. I love these old photos of Robert Lowell – an American poet who broke ground in the 20th century. James Russell Lowell was his great-granduncle, and Amy, Percival, and A. Lawrence Lowell were distant cousins. Lowell was born in Boston to a collateral branch of a family with a long history of artistic and … “More than any contemporary writer, poet or novelist,” Poirier asserts, “Lowell has created the language, cool and violent all at once, of contemporary introspection. It was Lowell's sixth book. The groundbreaking and highly influential mid-century master. For the Union Dead is a book of poems by Robert Lowell that was published by Farrar, Straus & Giroux in 1964. Contributor to periodicals, including Kenyon Review, New Republic, New World Writing, New York Review of Books, Observer, Partisan Review, Salmagundi, and Sewanee Review. Elegies in the letters of Elizabeth Bishop and Robert Lowell. Critical reception of The Dolphin was mixed, with some readers objecting strenuously to Lowell’s use of language taken directly from the personal letters of Elizabeth Hardwick. Robert Traill Spence Lowell Jr. was born in Boston on March 1, 1917. Ce style est appelé poésie confessionnelle, "confessional poetry". Lowell was perhaps the most important voice in American poetry to emerge after World War II.His early work, such as the Pulitzer Prize-winning Lord Weary's Castle (1946) is rich in Catholic symbolism. Helen Vendler discusses the poet Robert Lowell. The figure of love in the poem is Caroline, the dolphin and mermaid.

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