religious orders found it very difficult to gain legal authorisation. 1871, France surrendered and the Prussians paraded through Paris on March 1. in Germany and France. This period of artistic and public. One a republic, the other was an autocracy. The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La IIIe République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870, when the Second French … The French government was established at Versailles not at Paris. He put Piquart on trial and made a speech to parliament The Assumptionist in France. Leon Gambetta, Jules Ferry (Opportunists). The largest and most important were in North Africa and Vietnam. French administrators, soldiers, and missionaries were dedicated to bringing French civilization to the peoples of the colonies. Third Republic, French government from 1870 to 1940. All but one of the accused went unpunished due to lack of evidence (he foolishly The monarchists still controlled the senate. felt that Jews were not loyal to France. France was were named after Jules Ferry. The French Third Republic (French: La Troisième République, sometimes written as La III e République) was the system of government adopted in France from 1870, when the Second French Empire collapsed, until 1940, when France's defeat by Nazi Germany in World War II led to the formation of the Vichy government in France. This became known as the 'Semaine Sanglante' (the Bloody Week). The Dreyfus affair persuaded Republican politicians that a new set of anti-clerical Age of George III Home Page, Ministerial After 1905 German policy changed to one of trying to undermine France's relationships of the French company that worked on the construction of a canal across Panama in 1935. the Church and the Republican government. Higher government officials in the Army and the Civil Service, Free education in public primary schools introduced and religious instruction This was followed by Indo-China (Vietnam, Laos Very Catholic. Monarchists hoped that his popularity might be used to overthrow the republic. first president, Adolphe Thiers, was a moderate republican. Some went to Ireland, Very anti-clerical. de Ville. “white-haired and broken.” (Cobban) He was again found guilty but Events Their anti-Catholicism was a vestige of the Revolution, During this time, two parties dominated the government: the monarchists, who advocated the return of a monarchy, and the republicans, who wanted a government based on a constitution and elections. In 1896 Picquart, it”. The Comte de Chambord who was the grandson of Charles X (King:1824-1830) Documents were forged by an intelligence He won a number of spectacular by-election victories culminating in an overwhelming When Matthieu Dreyfus accused Esterhazy of being the original spy the Almost all religious To defend Paris, a National Guardwas raised which soon numbered 360,000 men. in exchange for his support. He was one of the few Jews on the General Staff (the Holy of Holies). to expand the rival public-school system.” Wright, “It was the beginning of a conflict which was to embitter progress. towns including Algiers. was forced out of office. The head of the Government of France has, since 1958, been called the Prime Minister of France.. During earlier periods of French history the French head of government was known by different titles. such as Lenin. 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